A design is basically a blueprint or specification of the arrangement of an item or a process, or the end result of this blueprint or specification in the desired form, usually in the shape of a model, machine or implement, or even in the form of an application, machine or product. The word ‘design’ itself is derived from the Greek word ‘design’ which refers to the art of arranging matter so as to meet a particular purpose. The related word ‘odyssey’ means ‘a journey.’
There are many areas of study in which the study of design processes and principles overlap. One of these is architectural design. In this discipline, the discipline works under the larger umbrella term of architectural sciences, and design methods and discipline methods are included. Architectural design typically incorporates the structural elements of building construction. Within this broad field are many disciplines including civil and structural engineering, architecture, surveying, building maintenance, and carpentry.
Another overlapping field of study is industrial design, which includes both the physical aspects of production, and the production aspects of design. These two areas often have to face difficult decisions regarding waste disposal, the regulation of water usage, health and safety, and pollution control. Industrial design also includes graphic design, computer graphics, and transportation design.
A third overlapping field of study is the field of Pughterior Product Development (PPPD). This encompasses several sub-disciplines like PPPE, HIE, and HRIS. This discipline attempts to enhance the efficiency and quality of the design process, and to make the products better suited to their respective environments and specifications.
In the UK, there is also an expanding field of expertise called Interior Design. This field includes a number of different disciplines like interior architecture, furniture design, and cantilever design, to name a few. Interior designers work within an organisation or as part of a project team to produce and manage concept and interior layouts. They may collaborate with other departments to produce a seamless design activity, taking into account colour, textures, materials, lighting and construction methodology.
Each discipline within this broad field of expertise has its own specialties and characteristics that set it apart from each other. As you can see, the three main aspects of the product design process – research, development and testing – all come hand-in-hand with each other. Some of the other disciplines in this broad area include ergonomics, environmental issues, communication, and manufacturing efficiency. By considering these three broad aspects, you will be able to build your own unique product design process.