Different Types of Design Thinking For New Product Creation
A design is usually a blueprint or description of the physical form or structure of some object or machine or for the effective execution of some act or procedure or even the resultant of that specification or plan in the shape of a sample, product or implement. The verb to design normally indicates the process of designing a design by deriving the most suitable form or model from available material and resources. In engineering terms, the term design is used in connection with planning the methods of production, the quantity of material used, and the economical procedure of manufacture. Design also denotes the quality of a structure, its functionality and presence of deficiencies that may endanger the integrity and safety of the object under development.
Every step of DESIGN up to Development stage are essentially design processes. There are four main types of design which are: Planning, INSPECTIVE, SYSTEMatic and PRE-DESIGN. The process involved in each type of design has a significant effect on the end product or result. This is the reason every step of the design needs to be carefully planned and executed.
Planning refers to the stage prior to the actual design process where the designer considers various factors such as goals and objectives, technical, economic, social and functional issues and prepares sketches and plans to achieve these objectives. In this stage, a good designer keeps in mind the ultimate goals of the project and tries to minimize cost, time, effort and resources required. A good planner will be able to foresee pitfalls in the design process and take quick and appropriate corrective measures. On the other hand, an examiner, who tests the system’s design, can point out the defects in the system that need immediate correction.
An inspection or interpretive inspection is basically design at its early stages. This is an evaluation done by seeing and testing the system under specific circumstances to evaluate the performance of the system. There are different types of inspection including developmental, structural, functional, structural, site and safety inspections. In developmental inspection, designers try to evaluate whether the system meets the defined developmental objectives. This type of inspection basically includes determining the functionality of the systems in different functional areas and also to establish the total system functionality.
These four different types of design are usually used to identify the overall purpose of the system and the best ways to make it productive. Each type has its own specific benefits and drawbacks. Therefore, it is important to compare and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of all the different types of designs. Based on this evaluation, the designer will be able to decide which type of designs best satisfies the overall purpose of the system.
In summary, different types of design thinking can help you create successful new products and designs. It helps you analyze each process from the initial planning stage to designing stage. Creativity is the fundamental key to new product creation. It starts with identification of your customer’s needs. With proper design thinking, you will be able to come up with excellent new products and innovative designs that meet customer’s overall different types of needs.